Simple Guide on Creating Flowchart for Switch Statement

Creating flowchart for switch statement is a good way for software engineers to improve clarity and offer the potential for faster execution.

Switch statement is one of computer programming languages, which means a type of selection control mechanism used to allow the value of a variable or expression to change the control flow of program execution via a multiway branch. It is easy to understand, read, maintain and verify that all values are handled. There are two main variants of switch statements, the first one is a structured switch, which takes exactly one branch, and the second one is unstructured switch which functions as a type of goto.

Flowchart is a formalized graphic representation of a logic sequence, workflow or manufacturing process, or similar formalized structure.

More and more people choose a professional flowchart maker to create their flowcharts for following incomparable advantages of it.

  • A mass of various standard flowchart symbols are provided for free drag-and-drop.
  • Abundant templates are offered for users to download, edit and print for free.
  • Smart drawing guide enables users to connect, align and space symbols automatically instead of doing those one by one by yourselves.
  • It supports inserting hyperlinks, attachments and notes to flowchart, which can make flowchart more resourceful and attractive.

Create your flowchart for switch statement effortless with below are simple steps.

Step 1. Open a Blank Drawing Page

Launch flowchart maker, go to the File menu, click New > Flowchart, then double click the icon of Basic Flowchart to open a blank flowchart drawing page.

Open a Blank Flowchart Drawing Page

Step 2. Add Flowchart Symbols

Drag and drop flowchart symbols from the left libraries or click the floating button around the symbols to add automatically and choose the proper shapes.

Add Flowchart Symbols

Step 3. Add Contents

Double click the symbols and text the key words, then click any blank area on the page to finish typing.

Add Software Testing Process Contents

Step 4. Connect the Symbols

There are two ways to connect the symbols. You can just click the floating button to connect symbols automatically or you can also choose a proper connector from Connector under the Home page to connect them manually.

Connect Flowchart Symbols

Step 5. Choose the Theme You Like

This maker provides many built-in themes which enables you to change the current theme if you do not like it.

Change the Theme

Step 6. Save or Export your Flowchart for Switch Statement

Click Save on File tab to save your flowchart as the default .eddx format, or you can also select Export & Send under File to export the flowchart to images, PPT, PDF, Word format .etc.

Export Software Testing Process Flowchart

And here is the created flowchart for switch statement.

Flowchart for Switch Statement


Create Flowchart for Decision Making within 5 Simple Steps

Creating a flowchart for decision making helps people, especially those who have allodoxaphobia to make a decision correctly and quickly.

Decision making is a daily activity for any human being and business organizations. And a flowchart is the graphical representation of a process, people who need to make a decision will do in a same easy way if there is a flowchart for decision making in place. They can also remove any duplicated steps as all steps are visible in the flowchart.

Processes of Decision Making

There are 7 detailed steps as follows to make a decision.

Step 1. Fully analyze the problem and identify the decision purpose.

Step 2. Try to collect all the information and stakeholders related to the problem.

Step 3. Set up the criteria for judging the alternatives.

Step 4. Brainstorm all the ideas and evaluate them.

Step 5. Choose the best one among alternative

Step 6. Carry out the decision.

Step 7. Review your decision & its consequences

Steps to Create Flowchart for Decision Making

The flowchart maker i usually use is such a smart program which can simplify the flowchart creating process into following quick steps.

  1. Launch the maker, go to the File menu, click New > Flowchart, then double click the icon of Basic Flowchart to open a blank flowchart drawing page.
  2. Drag flowchart symbols from left libraries and drop on the drawing page, then double click symbols to type information.
  3. Choose a correct connector from Connector on Home page to connect symbols manually or just click the floating buttons around to connect automatically.
  4. Just navigate to Page Layout and change the theme from various built-in themes if you are not satisfied with the current one.
  5. Click Save on File tab to save as the default .eddx format, or you can also select Export & Send under File to export the decision making flowchart to images, PPT, PDF, Word format .etc.

Below is the created decision making flowchart example.

Should I Resign Flowchart

Software to Create Flowchart for Decision Making

People are prefer flowchart maker which enables them to be almost hands free, what means this kind of program should at least have following handy features.

1. It provides a large quantity of standard flowchart shapes for users to drag and drop. Even a newbie can draw professional flowcharts with it.

Flowchart Symbols

2.It simplifies the flowchart creating process by offering abundant flowchart templates for free downloading and editing. Just download one you like and customize the contents to meet your demand.

Templates and Examples3.Its smart drawing guide enable users to connect, align and space symbols automatically with no need to do those one by one.

Flowchart Automatic Features4.It supports inserting hyperlinks, attachments and notes to flowchart, which can make flowchart more resourceful and attractive.

Add hyperlink to Flowchart

Basic Understanding of Piping and Instrumentation Diagram

Do you understand piping and instrumentation diagram? What is it? If not, read this article and it will give you an overview of piping and instrumentation diagram.

Once understanding piping and instrumentation diagrams, engineers can read schematics and use them in identifying problems and know how to include them in reporting rig control problems.

Definition of Piping and Instrumentation Diagram

Piping and instrumentation diagram, also called P&ID, is a drawing in the process industry. It presents the interconnection of process equipment and the instrumentation which is used to control the process. And this kind of diagram is mainly used for laying out a process control installation.

Juice and Nectar P&ID

And following are items that usually are found in a P&ID:

  • Instrumentation and with unique tag identifiers
  • Mechanical equipment with names and numbers
  • All valves and their identifications
  • Process piping, sizes and identification
  • Vents, drains, special fittings, sampling lines, reducers, increasers, and swaggers
  • Permanent start-up and flush lines
  • Flow directions
  • Interconnections references
  • Control inputs and outputs, interlocks
  • Interfaces for class changes
  • Computer control system
  • Identification of components and subsystems delivered by other

Here are also some items that are not included in a P&ID:

  • Equipment rating or capacities
  • Instrument root valves
  • Control relays
  • Manual switches and indicating lights
  • Primary instrument tubing and valves
  • Pressure temperature and flow data
  • Elbows and similar standard fittings
  • Extensive explanatory notes

Common Used Symbols of P&ID

There are so many and various symbols used in piping and instrumentation diagrams. And all of them have their own usages. Symbols showed in the following picture shows are only the tip of iceberg.

Symbol Categories:

  1. Ductwork
  2. Valves
  3. Pumps
  4. Motors
  5. Mixers
  6. Buildings
  1. Chemistry
  2. Process Heating
  3. Process Cooling
  4. Wastewater Treatment
  5. Food Processing
  6. Lights
  1. Tanks
  2. HAVC
  3. Logistics
  4. Safety
  5. Blowers
  6. Boilers

PID Electrical Symbols

Basic Steps to Create P&ID

  1. Launch the piping design software and open a blank P&ID drawing page.
  2. Drag equipment shapes from Equipment on the left library and drop on the drawing page.
  3. Use pipelines to connect the equipment.
  4. Use the same way above to add valves and instruments.
  5. Rotate a shape until get the correct angle.
  6. Double click the P&ID symbols to add data.

Click How to Create Piping and Instrumentation Diagram to view detailed tutorial for creating P&ID.

Importance of P&ID

P&ID not only plays an vital role in maintaining and modifying the plant process after initial build, but also is important for enabling development of control and shutdown schemes, safety and regulatory requirements, start-up sequences and operational understandings. And as it is the last stage of process design, it also serves as a guide for people who is responsible for the final design and construction.

How to Create UML Deployment Diagram Easily

UML deployment diagram is used by system engineers more and more frequently, but do you know how to create UML deployment diagram? If not, read this article!

This is an article which introduces UML deployment detailedly and gives you a step-by-step tutorial for creating it.

What is UML Deployment Diagram

UML Deployment diagram is a structure diagram which shows shows architecture of the system and models the physical deployment of artifacts on nodes. And the purposes of it are describing the hardware components used to deploy software components, visualizing hardware topology of a system and describing runtion processing nodes. Just take describing a website as an example, a UML deployment would show what hardware components exist, what software components run on each node, and how the different pieces are connected.

How to Create UML Deployment Diagram

Following are detailed steps to create UML deployment diagram.

  1. Launch the UML software and open a blank drawing page.
  2. Drag relevant UML symbols from left libraries and drop on the blank page, or click the floating buttons to add automatically.
  3. Double click the symbols and add the information.
  4. Connect UML symbols with correct arrows in order.
  5. Browse your computer and choose a location to save your diagram.

Here is the created UML deployment diagram example for you

UML Deployment Diagram

Where to Use UML Deployment Diagram

The major usage of UML deployment diagrams used by system engineers is to describe the physical components or hardware’s distribution and association. We can also visualize UML deployment diagrams as hardware components or nodes where software components reside. Following are usages to which UML deployment diagrams are applied.

  • To model the hardware topology of a system.
  • To model embedded system.
  • To model hardware details for a client/server system and a distributed application
  • Forward and reverse engineering.

6 Important Tips to Make Catchy Menus

Do you want to create an attractive menu? Follow below 7 important tips to make your own catchy menus!

As the saying goes “good wine needs no bush”, but it may not apply to all situations. Good dishes will not get known by customers if there is no catchy menu. Great restaurant menu designs can enhance a dining experience, help customers makes satisfying choices and stimulate appetite. Following are great tips for creating catchy menus.

Menu Template

1. Keep Your Menu Organization Logical

Customers would be interested neither there is too much text and too many images nor there is too little content. Organize and edit your information in a good manner before beginning the design process and ensure to make it easy for customers to find what they want and don’t overwhelm your patrons or yourself.

2.Use Images Carefully

It’s a good choice to hire a professional photographer to take photos for your dishes rather than just taking images by your phone and putting them on the menu. Each image should be well photographed as beautiful and tasty dish photos matter a lot for casual eateries and particularly takeaways.

3.Use Color and Pattern Properly

After meeting the criteria of organization and images, it is time to choose a proper color scheme and pattern. Lovely decorative patterns and high contrast colors will help your menu stand out from various common menus easily and promote your brand to some degree.

4.Use Highlight Appropriately

Customer may lose interest if there is nothing catches their attentions after going through the menu. So if something is important – highlight it! Highlight will help to create the first impression. Why not highlight your best-selling dishes, special dishes and new arrivals?

5.Prices and currency placement

Studies have shown that customers are more likely to spend more when there is no currency symbols on the menu. So try to leave currency symbols off your menu.

6.  You should always proof-read your menu

The last but not least tip is doing remember to proof-read your menu before printing them as nobody wants to see mistakes.

After getting these tips to make catchy menus, why not try to create it now? Click how to create menus to view detailed steps to make menus!

What Is A Brochure

What is a brochure? Is a brochure just a brochure? Read this article and find your answer here!

Definition of Brochure

A brochure is an informative paper document for advertising, which can be folded into a template, pamphlet or leaflet. Brochures are promotional documents, primarily used to introduce a company, organization, products or services and inform potential customers or members of the public of the benefits. They are usually distributed inside newspapers, handed out personally or placed in brochure racks in high traffic locations.

Purposes and Functions of Brochure

The main purpose of a brochure is to extend the reader’s knowledge on one specific topic in which the brochure centers around.
A good brochure can help capture the attention of potential customers and it is cost-effective and pocket-friendly than product advertisements on magazines and newspapers. What’s more, brochures can be kept for future reference rather than disposed of after one read-through.

Types of Brochure

A brochure has many different types and each type has got a different role to play. It can be classified into following 5 types according to its format and layout.
Gate Fold Brochure
This is a pretty uncommon brochure because of its expensive cost, which has a great influence when it is used appropriately. Its inward folding design makes it convenient to carry and its paper quality is very high thus readers can keep it for a long time.
Bi-Fold Brochure
Bi-Fold Brochure is found among us every day. It is one of the most popular and widely used brochure types around, while has a more formal layout than tri-fold brochures. It mainly used for product catalogues and presentations, trade shows and corporate meetings , etc.
Tri-Fold Brochure
It is easy to know this is a three folds brochure according its name. And this is a pretty common and brochure that we can see it everywhere. This brochure has enough space for designers to present information and design interesting thus attract more attention of reader.
Z-Fold Brochure
A Z-Fold brochure, basically an accordion fold, is a great brochure folding option because of the versatility it provides. Designers can separate each element by making each panel stand alone, or design the brochure so that it opens out to a full spread with one large, dramatic photograph.

Steps to Create Brochure

Good brochure software simplifies the creating process into below steps.
  1. Open a blank brochure drawing page.
  2. Set up page size.
  3. Set layout grid.
  4. Add texts and images.
  5. Save or export completed brochure.

Templates of Brochure

Here listed some brochure templates created by our software. All of these templates it created are downloadable and editable. Just download what you like and customize it to suit your own situations.
Company Brochure
Transportation Brochure


Marketing Brochure

What Is Evaluation Form

Evaluation form depicts the assessing process of a project, program, activity or any other subjects with a standard criteria.

Overview of Evaluation Form

An evaluation form is a document which sponsors, donors, client-groups, administrators, staff, and other relevant constituencies or supervisors used to measure a subject’s merit, worth and significance with a criteria governed by a set of standards. It is able to assist a teacher, organization, project, program or any others to access performance, proposal or any alternatives, to help them make a decision.

Purposes of Evaluation Form

The primary purpose of evaluation form is to provide “useful feedback” to a variety of audiences. And whether this feedback is useful or not is often judged from if it helps audience in making decisions. Useful feedback usually enables reflection and assists in the identification of future change except for gaining insight into prior or existing initiatives.

Types of Evaluation Form

There are two major types of evaluation forms, formative evaluation form and summative evaluation form. Both of these two type can be divided into several sub-types.

Formative evaluation form, judging the worth of a program, activity, project or any other subject while the they are forming, can be subdivided into following three sub-types:

    • Needs assessment form determines 2 “W” and 1 “H”, who needs the program, what might work to meet the need, and how great the need is.
    • Evaluability assessment form is a form which decides whether the evaluation is doable or not and how can stakeholders can help stimulate its usefulness.
    • Process evaluation form focuses on whether the program or activity was implemented as planned.

Summative evaluation form, judging the worth of a program, activity or project when they are finished , can also be subdivided into following two sub-types:

    • Outcome evaluation form focuses on the changes in comprehension, attitudes, behaviors, and practices that result from programs activities. It normally includes both short and long term results
    • Impact evaluation form describes long term and sustained changes as a result of the program activities, no matter positive or negative and intended or unintended

Evaluation Form Examples

Here listed some evaluation form templates created by Edraw – a professional evaluation form software. All of these templates are downloadable and editable. Just download what you like and customize it to suit your own situations.

Training Evaluation Form

Supplier Evaluation Form

Graphic Organizer with Colors – Great Teaching Tool

Graphic organizer with colors has become one of the most important teaching tools for teachers as so many students prefer visual illustration to boring texts.

What is A Graphic Organizer with Colors?

Graphic organizer with colors is a visual thinking tool that help students classify ideas and communicate more effectively. It makes thoughts pictures which demonstrate relationships between concepts, facts or ideas. There are many types of graphic organizer with color, such as sequential graphic organizers, compare and contrast, story and character, cause and effect, vocabulary organizers and note organizers. Teachers will empower students to master subject-matter faster and more efficiently by using graphic organizer with color across all subject areas.

How to Create Graphic Organizer with Colors?

Choose a good graphic organizer software will save you lots of time and energy. Following are detailed steps.
  1. Run the software and open a blank drawing page.
  2. Add relevant symbols by dragging from the left libraries or click the floating button.
  3. Double click the symbols and add the contents.
  4. Connect symbols by clicking the floating button or choosing Connector in the Home page.
  5. The theme can be changed by clicking Page Layout and choosing the theme you prefer from built-in themes if you do not like the current one.
  6. Browse your computer and choose a location to save your colorful graphic organizer.
Here is a created example of graphic organizer with colors for you reference.
Why Choose Edraw
Click graphic organizers to view more examples!

Which Software to Choose?

Good graphic organizer software should be a powerful program with following features.
  • Similar user interface with Microsoft Office, easy to start.
  • Simple drag-and-drop, no requirement of drawing skill.
  • Various built-in symbols and templates for free downloading and customizing.
  • Support many formats transferring, makes graphic organizer sharing fast and convenient.

Why Use Graphic Organizer with Colors?

Graphic organizer with colors combines traditional note-taking or outlining with the visuospatial benefits of a diagram, which helps students to visualize and construct ideas, organize and sequence information, both physically see and conceptually understand relationships between their ideas.

Top 7 Notable Advantages of Infographics

Making use of advantages of Infographics can give you high traffic and rank higher in this highly competitive global market.
Infographics is a great way to provide information while most of the internet users prefer visual content to large fonts with poor format.
Edraw Infographic Maker

Advantages of Infographics

This article will mainly talks about the following advantages of Infographics
1. Humans are visual creatures which means people likes watching beautiful and attractive things instead of boring words and numbers. Infographics visually represent the information, data and knowledge by utilizing various graphics to enhance the human visual system’s to see patterns and trends. You can use infographics to capture the attention and imagination of your audiences easily while words and numbers fail.
2. Infographics not only can visually shows the information and data, but can also show your brand information graphically if you insert it properly. It is common to put logo, website address, email and even contact information of the creator in the Infographics, which can naturally increase the brand awareness a lot.
3. As a visual element, one of the greatest characteristic is its portability and embeddable inherent design. People can integrate an embed code into their blogs and websites with no difficulty by including that embed code with your posted or uploaded Infographics.
4. What’s more important, Infographics can convey relevant information through simple and understandable bits of important information easily, which makes it people to catch the content they want quickly among the enormous information.
5. Apart from using Inforgraphics as an online marketing tool, it can also do a great job on offline marketing. People can print Infographics to all kinds of leaflets, brochures and some other offline marketing tools in order to increase company publicity.
6. Sharing infographics to your Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest and some other social media, these visual contents can help you generate more comments and likes, attract and increase more subscribers and followers, even help you rank higher in Google.
7. You can track infographics with Analytics very easily if there is a embed code in it. You can know when and how many times it was viewed, clicked and shared effortlessly. From those data you can know your target audience better and adjust your infographics according to it.

How to Create UML Activity Diagram Quickly

This article will provide you a step-by-step guideline about how to create UML activity diagram and hope it can help you know UML activity diagram better.

What is UML Activity Diagram

UML Activity diagram is a visual representation of workflows of stepwise activities and actions with support for choice, iteration and concurrency. The activity can be described as an operation of the system. The purposes of it are describing a business process or a flow of work between users and system, depicting the sequence from one activity to another and describing the parallel, branched and concurrent flow of the system.

How to Create UML Activity Diagram

Following are detailed steps to create UML activity diagram.
  1. Run the software and open a blank drawing page.
  2. Drag and drop relevant UML symbols from left libraries or click the floating buttons to add automatically.
  3. Double click the symbols and add the activity information.
  4. Connect UML symbols with correct arrows in order.
  5. Browse your computer and choose a location to save your diagram.
Here is the created UML activity diagram example for you
UML Activity Diagram

What to Create UML Activity Diagram

A good UML diagram software  should have at least following features that can simplify the drawing process in some degree.
    1. Thousands of standard UML symbols for dragging and dropping. No drawing skills required.
UML Symbols
    1. Abundant UML templates for free downloading and customizing to meet different demands.
UML Templates
    1. Resourceful data can be inserted by adding hyperlinks, note, and attachments.
UML Data Insertion

Where to Use UML Activity Diagram

UML activity diagram is suitable for modeling the activity flow of the system. It can capture theses systems and depicts how one system flows to another. And it is usually applied to following situations.
  • Modeling work flow by using activities.
  • Modeling business requirements.
  • High level understanding of the system’s functionality.
  • Investigate business requirements at a later stage.